The capital of Azerbaijan, where past and present intricately intertwined. Baku, the name itself is interpreted as a “wind blow”, “city of winds” or “hill”, “city on the hill”. At its heart, the Unesco-listed Old City lies within an exotically crenelated arc of fortress wall. This open-air museum, together with famous Maiden Tower (XII c.) located here is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The architectural appearance of a fortress differs by its unique originality. Around this are gracefully illuminated stone mansions and pedestrianised tree-lined streets filled with exclusive boutiques. A unique Shirvanshahs’ palace, the former residence of the rulers of Shirvan (XV century), minaret Sinik – gala (XI cenetury), mosques, caravanserais, baths. This is a real ethnographic treasure for lovers of the antique. Of no less interest for the guests is the modern appearance of the capital. Among the new hallmarks of Baku one can distinguish the magnificent building complex Flame Towers, the sports and leisure complex Crystal Hall, which held the Eurovision song contest in 2012, the Cultural Center named after Heydar Aliyev and others. A favorite walking place for locals and guests is the City Seaside Park (or Boulevard), shining with neon lights. In Baku there are also many shopping centers, boutiques, movie theaters, concert and exhibition venues, museums, restaurants, and world famous brands hotels. Some of the finest new builds are jaw-dropping masterpieces. A curious fact about Baku is that its average year-round temperature (14.2°C/57.6°F) matches the average temperature of the entire landmass of the earth to within a tenth of degree. However, seasonal temperature variations are less than in many continental regions at this latitude (about 40 degrees north) owing to the presence of the Caspian Sea. Baku is a stroll along the Caspian-front bulvar (promenade), where greens and opal blues make a mockery of Baku’s desert-ringed location.